Reid Laurence Winick, D.D.S. 

Is on the leading edge of using new methods and technologies in the practice of Holistic Dentistry
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for the Alpha-Stim® 100 microcurrent stimulator
brand of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator

Complementary Medical Products Ltd.
225 East 36th Street #15C
New York, NY 10016
Tel: (212) 779-2342

Complementary Medical Products Ltd. may be reached by e-mail at:

Caution: In some countries including the U.S.A., the Alpha-Stim 100 may only be used with a prescription from a licensed health care practitioner.

Copyright 1992 by Electromedical Products International, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Alpha-Stim is a registered trademark of Electromedical Products International, Inc.



Congratulations on your selection of the Alpha-Stim 100 microcurrent stimulator (an advanced form of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, or "TENS"). You have purchased a quality medical instrument. In so doing, you have already taken the first step to a more comfortable and rewarding life.

Electromedical Products International, Inc. (EPII) is a leading innovator of the finest state-of-the-art medical technology available to improve the quality of your life. EPII is dedicated to helping those who use our products. We have technical experts available to assure you receive the best possible care. Consultations with you or your doctor may be scheduled Monday through Friday, 10 AM until 3 PM, Pacific Time. The company also stands behind all our products with a five year warranty.

The Alpha-Stim 100 is a precision medical instrument used for the management of pain. This treatment is non-invasive and drug-free. The Alpha-Stim 100 provides a welcome alternative to drugs, especially in painful disorders that require long-term management. Unlike drugs, the Alpha-Stim 100 leaves the mind alert. Any danger of accidental, intentional, and/or suicidal overdose of drugs is avoided. After treatment, there are no physical limitations imposed so you can resume normal activities. The treatment is simple and can easily be self-administered at any time. People using the Alpha-Stim 100 will often report a pleasant relaxed feeling of well being along with their pain relief.

The current is applied by easy-to-use self-adhesive electrodes or hand-held probes. During a treatment you may experience a mild tingling sensation as a result of the stimulating current flow.

The Alpha-Stim 100 is often the only means required to relieve pain. However, it may also be added to other therapy prescribed by your doctor. The Alpha-Stim 100 will not interfere with most other treatments, including most drugs.

You will find the Alpha-Stim 100 is very easy to use. Please read this entire booklet thoroughly before using it. Be sure to follow the general instructions given herein, and the specific directions from your doctor. 


Thank you for prescribing the Alpha-Stim 100. This manual is written for the end-user, but your input will be invaluable to your patient. One way to help is to explain to the patient using this device exactly where his or her problem is located, and any specific electrode locations that might work best. 


Have you ever wondered what pain really is?

The ancient Greeks called pain an emotion, the opposite of pleasure. This "definition" was the most widely accepted theory for pain until the 17th century when Rene Descartes noted that there are specific cells throughout our bodies which receive pain stimuli. These "receptors" convert the stimuli into electrical messages which travel along specific nerve pathways to the brain where the message is recognized as pain.

In the 1800's physiologists recognized patterns in people who suffered from pain. They concluded that seemingly unrelated and often non-painful events add up over a period of time until even a minor disturbance can trigger pain.

Today, pain is understood to be a complex event occurring throughout our nervous system. A delicate balance is maintained between nerves that carry pain messages. The brain also produces chemicals called endorphins that help to block pain.

Pain is the symptom which most often causes us to seek out medical care. Acute pain is pain caused by a recent injury or illness. It helps to alert us when something is wrong. This type of pain usually lasts a few days to months, until the problem which first caused it is solved.

Chronic pain is pain that persists or recurs for a prolonged period of time. This is the type of pain which stems from ailments such as arthritis and other joint problems, certain back conditions, injuries and accidents, and many other problems concerning the nerves, muscles, and bones.

Drugs are often effective in blocking acute pain. We certainly would not be able to go through surgery without them. But drugs also have side effects which may require us to limit such necessary activities as driving a car. For the chronic pain sufferer drugs are often not effective enough. This is why, in this age of microelectronics, electrical stimulation has been re-discovered and is being found to be an effective means of managing pain with the least side effects. 


The application of electromedical currents is not a new concept. Ancients recognized the therapeutic value of naturally occurring electrical phenomena long before William Gilbert defined electricity in 1600. Both Aristotle and Plato refer to the Black Torpedo (electric ray fish) prescribed in 46 A.D. by the physician Scribonius Largus for the relief of a variety of medical conditions from headaches to gout. In the 1800's dentists reported excellent results using crude electrical devices for pain control. By the turn of this century, electrical devices were in widespread use to manage pain and "cure" everything from cancer to impotency. Because of the unrefined early electrical technologies and strength of the pharmaceutical lobbies, this form of therapy fell into disrepute by the medical profession. As a result, medical colleges stopped teaching electrotherapeutics. Biophysics was virtually eliminated from medical practice leaving chemistry as the master science and with it the burden of responsibility for curing all of mankind's ills. Now that we are approaching the turn of another century it is clear that the sole explanatory chemical model has not lived up to its promise causing modern medicine to re-examine the role of biophysics.

In 1965 Drs. Ronald Melzack of Canada and Patrick Wall of the U.K. published a paper explaining a new comprehensive theory of how pain is processed by our nervous systems. This theory also explained how electrical stimulation can influence the physiology of pain. By 1967 electrical devices were surgically implanted to control severe low back pain. Shortly thereafter, surface electrical units were used to test the person's response as a means of screening suitable surgical candidates. It was soon discovered that these surface electrical stimulators were also effective and they could be used for the relief of pain without the surgery. Since then, these devices, known as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulators (TENS), have become widely accepted by doctors and dentists to control most forms of pain.

Medical science has established that there are extensive electrical fields at work in the body. The nervous system, for example, has long been known to work through both electrochemical and purely electrical signals. In fact, all molecules are held together by electrical bonding at the atomic level. This knowledge has led medical scientists such as Dr. Robert Becker of the U.S.A. and Dr. Björn Nordenström of Sweden (who served as Chairman of the Nobel Assembly) to propose new theories of physiology based on bioelectrical control systems.

Over the past decade, technology has surpassed chemical analysis for the diagnostic side of medicine. With Alpha-Stim technology, therapeutic intervention based on the new biophysics is finally emerging as a viable alternative to pharmacological management and surgery. The original Alpha-Stim Model 2000 weighed 40 pounds and cost $5,850 when it was first introduced in 1981. The Alpha-Stim 100 microcurrent stimulator utilizes the most advanced technology available today. We hope it will help to control your pain and improve the quality of your life. 


1. Check battery

Be sure you are using a good, fresh alkaline battery such as the one provided with the unit. Replace the battery when the display indicates BATT LOW. Once the display indicates BATT FLAT the Alpha-Stim 100 will discontinue stimulation until a new battery is installed.

2. Connect electrode wires to Alpha-Stim

Plug L-shaped jack into the output receptacle on the Alpha-Stim. The top receptacle is for channel 1, the bottom is for channel 2.

3. Attach electrodes to wires

Insert the pin jacks into the wire coming off the self-adhesive electrodes. Push gently, but firmly into place for a good connection. Note that the electrode wires are only split a few inches apart. They may be pulled apart further to allow more distance between the electrodes.

4. Clean skin

Clean skin thoroughly around the treatment area and allow it to dry thoroughly before applying electrodes. Use mild soap and water or 70% isopropyl alcohol.

5. Evaluate your pain

It is a good idea to evaluate your pain before and after each treatment. Your doctor can give you guidelines to help you do a quick, simple evaluation. This may consist of simply noting the level of pain you are experiencing at the beginning and end of the treatment, or moving the affected body part through a range of motion and noting the increased range along with the decreased pain after treatment. Keeping a daily (or even as often as hourly) chart of changes in your pain levels on a 0 (no pain) to 10 (maximum pain) scale will assist your doctor in giving you the best possible advise. To help you understand this system, a description of pain levels follows (use odd numbers for half values): 

10       EXCRUCIATING, often debilitating. 
8       INTOLERABLE, concentration difficult, able to  perform certain tasks of an undemanding nature. 
6       DISTRESSING, but able to continue tasks. 
4       DISCOMFORTING, may be ignored at times. 
2       MILD, only aware of it when attention is brought to it.
0       NO PAIN.
It is also helpful to keep a record of the Alpha-Stim treatment times with the intensity and frequency (Hz) settings, along with the electrode locations you use.

Some questions that will help you and your doctor understand your pain are:
When did it start?
Is there a position that lessens or increases it?
Is there anything you can do to lessen or increase it?
Does it feel deep under the skin or superficial?
Are there any particularly sensitive spots you can point to with one finger?
Is it always in the same place or does it move around?
Are you having other symptoms which may be associated with your pain?
How does it change throughout the day or week?
What words describe it?

6. Place electrodes

Where you place the electrodes is the most important variable for optimum results. You must always use electrodes in pairs (one pair for each channel). Peel the self-adhesive electrodes off of the protective backing and save the backing to store the electrodes after use. If the adhesive is drying out and the electrodes do not stick well, you may wet the electrodes by wetting your finger with water and lightly rubbing it over the electrode for just one second (more time will saturate them and actually shorten their life). Discard and replace electrodes when adhesive has split or worn through to the conductive backing. Only use EPII electrodes available through your authorized Alpha-Stim dealer. Some electrodes are as much as 20 times less conductive and will not allow the Alpha-Stim current to penetrate the skin resistance.

Follow your physician's recommendations or use the following electrode placement guidelines:

Visualize where your pain is or where your doctor has determined your pain is originating from. If possible, place one electrode directly over the area of pain, and the other where an imaginary line drawn between the two electrodes would go directly through the area of pain to the opposite side of that part of the body. If it is not possible to place one directly over the painful area, or if that does not produce the best results, then still place the two electrodes in such a way that a line drawn between them would go through the area of pain. Keep in mind that the body is three dimensional and many different lines can be drawn through your pain. One of these lines should work better than the others. Therefore the best electrode location for you is the one that works best for you. Several attempts to find the best electrode locations are usually necessary. The results are often better when both pairs (channel 1 and 2) of electrodes are used together. When using both pairs, place the electrodes in a "X" pattern so that they cross where the pain is. After treatment the pain may move around. This will require moving the electrodes to "follow" the pain.

Do not place the electrodes too close together. For example, one right next to each side of the spine is not a good placement for back pain. In this example the current will travel just under the surface of the skin to the other electrode and not penetrate to the area requiring treatment. Here it would be better to put one electrode next to the spine and the other on the opposite side of the body, on the side, near the front. Use the other pair (channel 2) in the same manner on the other side, or move the first pair to the other side after a few minutes. Another possible electrode placement for back pain is to place one on each side of the body (between the shoulders and the hips) and at the level of pain. Finally, back pain may respond to one pair of electrodes on the right shoulder and left hip, with the other pair on the left shoulder and right hip. You will have to experiment until the best location is found. Be sure to discuss this with your doctor initially, and again from time-to-time.


A probe is included to stimulate through multiple electrode sites for brief, 10 second intervals at each location. Use the same wires for the probes as described previously for the self-adhesive electrodes. One probe may be used with a self-adhesive electrode, or two probes may be used to maximize the angles of approach. A few minutes of probe treatment is equivalent to 20 minutes with the self-adhesive electrodes because the current is more concentrated through a smaller area. The electrodes for the probes are self-adhesive felts that must be saturated with tap water to work. When using the probes, first attach the felt to the probe, then dip the felt in tap water frequently, and replace the felt when it becomes worn. It is the minerals in the water that conduct the electricity. Distilled water will not work. A pinch of salt may be added to improve the conductivity, but in most areas tap water works fine.

7. Set the timer

The amount of time needed to effectively manage your pain depends on the cause and severity of your pain, your overall health, and any ongoing physical or psychological stress that might make your condition worse. Ten or twenty minutes are the recommended treatment times when using the self-adhesive electrodes unless otherwise specified by your doctor. Additional treatment time is usually not necessary, but will not do any harm. The exception to this is that some patients have reported a return of their pain with excessive treatment. If this occurs wait a day or more (up to one week) before resuming treatment. When using the Alpha-Stim 100 to manage pain more treatment time is not better! If the pain is fully relieved, it is usually best to stop treatment at that time and then repeat the treatment as necessary. To prevent the reoccurrence of pain, the Alpha-Stim 100 used every other day is actually more effective for most people than when used daily. However, some people will require initial and possibly ongoing daily treatments for hours at a time. The results you get determine what is best for you.

The display will count backwards with all timers except CONT (continuous). CONT counts forward to 99 hours, 59 minutes and 59 seconds before shutting the output off. The PROBE timer counts backwards for 10 seconds then goes off for 2 seconds, on for 10, etc. This allows brief, 10 second treatments of the problem through many different angles (lines) and is preferred by most experienced Alpha-Stim health care practitioners. The LCD timer will display the countdown. As an example, when using the PROBE timer the display will actually read 9 seconds to 0 of STIMULATION ACTIVE, then 1 to 0 of STIMULATION INACTIVE.

8. Set the frequency

Use 0.5 Hz unless otherwise specified by your doctor. Sometimes 100 Hz is best for the initial treatment (first 3 minutes of a session) of certain types of pain accompanied by inflammation. 1.5 Hz may be more effective than 0.5 Hz in some people.

9. Turn power on and set the intensity

First make sure the intensity controls are set at a low level (no more than 3).
Then turn the POWER on. The LCD will read STIMULATION ACTIVE and start to count down for all settings except CONT (continuous). Turn INTENSITY (current control) knob(s) up very slowly. Most people can take the full amount of current, but some people are more sensitive and must use a lower current. Immediately decrease the intensity if a tingling feeling under the electrodes becomes uncomfortable, or if dizziness or nausea develops. This may happen while you turn up the intensity, or several minutes later. Decreasing the intensity will immediately relieve any of these unpleasant feelings and they are not necessary for optimal effect. Because the Alpha-Stim 100 uses such a low level of current, many people do not feel anything at all, even with the INTENSITY all the way up to the maximum level of 6 (600 µA). Do not be concerned if this is the case with you. It is perfectly normal and your perception of the current will not effect the results.

Once the POWER is turned on the timer setting will determine the amount of time the Alpha-Stim will remain operational. If a second set of electrodes are added while the Alpha-Stim is running, the second channel will only provide stimulation for the amount of time remaining on the LCD.

10. Turn power off

At the end of the timed cycle the display will read STIMULATION INACTIVE and the timer will read 0:00:00. There will still continue to be a slight drain on the battery until the POWER switch is turned off. To save battery life, do not forget to turn the power off.

11. Remove electrodes

Carefully replace the electrodes on their protective backing and put them back in the sealable bag they came in. If you are keeping a log, record your pain level now and note the time interval until the pain returns. 

After you have used the Alpha-Stim 100 once, you may simply place the electrodes and turn the POWER button on. That's all there is to it! If necessary, adjust the current up or down to a comfortable level at any time during treatment. 

  1. Apply electrodes on dry, clean unbroken skin only.
  2. Before applying and after removing electrodes, wash skin with mild soap and water or 70% isopropyl rubbing alcohol. Rinse and allow to dry completely.
  3. Excess hair at the electrode site should be clipped but not shaved.
  4. If skin irritation develops discontinue use and consult your physician.

In most instances, the process of change takes time. Although some people will experience results during or directly following treatment, some people will not achieve an effect until as late as the morning after the treatment. Initially, you may require five to seven or more sessions before the effects will be noticed. If no change is noticed after ten treatments, and several electrode placement sites have been tried, the use of Alpha-Stim should be reevaluated by the prescribing doctor.

Although a tingling sensation is sometimes felt under the electrodes, it is not necessary to feel this in order to achieve results. The current should never be kept at a level that is uncomfortable.

The treatment may leave you feeling relaxed, but alert. Frequently, people report an increase in their energy level. If you are having trouble falling asleep, the treatment should not be taken within three hours of going to bed or the increased alertness may prevent sleep.

If anxious or "hyper" feelings occur during treatment, discontinue use and consult your physician.


The Alpha-Stim 100 is a precision medical instrument which generates low intensity electrical current pulses (up to 600 millionths of an ampere) of controllable intensity and frequency of pulses (Hz). Results in electromedicine are based on the design of the wave form, the amount of current (intensity), the location of the electrodes, and the amount of time it is used. The Alpha-Stim 100 actually has three wave form generators; one for each channel and another common to both channels that serves to add random factors to avoid accommodation by the nervous system. The Alpha-Stim 100 is actually a microcomputer, incorporating the latest advances in solid state electronics. All components are of the highest quality available to assure the user the ultimate in reliable and trouble-free performance. The instrument's design assures electrical safety to the user by the use of readily available 9 volt batteries.

The Alpha-Stim 100 is small, compact and light-weight. Its design lends itself well to treatment in a health practitioner's office, clinic or hospital as well as self administered treatment at home under a doctor's direction.

The controls are simple and easy to operate. An adjustable interval timer assures the prescribed treatment time even if you are distracted or fall asleep. The amount of current can be easily modified for maximum comfort and effectiveness. The frequencies can be selected at either the standard 0.5 Hz, or 1.5 Hz, or 100 Hz.

One important feature incorporated into the Alpha-Stim 100 is an electronic circuit which operates to maintain a nearly constant current flow to the electrodes, minimizing the effects of electrode resistance variations due to poor electrode-to-skin contact.


Electromedical therapy is continuously being subjected to rigorous study and evaluation by the international medical community. Findings to date indicate that the Alpha-Stim 100 is an effective treatment with broad applications for a variety of syndromes involving pain. It may be sufficient, in many cases, as the sole therapeutic method required. Effective results have been seen during and/or subsequent to stimulation over effected body parts, adjacent areas, and areas removed from those in pain. As with any therapeutic intervention, not all patients will respond to the Alpha-Stim 100. The degree of efficacy will vary both with the individual and the nature of the problem being treated. Accordingly, a trial evaluation on each individual is recommended to determine the best possible electrode locations and to ascertain whether or not therapeutic benefit can be derived from long-term treatment.

The risk/reward ratio for the Alpha-Stim 100 ranks exceedingly high when compared to pharmacological treatments for the indicated disorders.

Typically, one 10 to 20 minute treatment session every other day is sufficient to manage the conditions for which the Alpha-Stim 100 is prescribed. However, some people will find that more (or less) treatment is more effective for their unique pain disorder.


Absolute contraindications have not been established.


For external use only. The Alpha-Stim 100 may affect the operation of cardiac pacemakers (particularly demand type pacemakers); it is not recommended for use by these patients. Do not stimulate directly on the eyes. Do not stimulate over the carotid sinus (upper side of neck). Do not allow children to use or handle this device without adult supervision. Do not operate potentially dangerous machinery or vehicles during periods of stimulation. Safety of stimulation has not been established during pregnancy. Caution is advised in cases where other forms of analgesia would not be used; such as to retain the beneficial aspects of pain for diagnosis or in cases where patients may overuse pain-controlled areas. Use only for the purpose for which it is prescribed.

Adverse Effects

No clear documentation of adverse effects exists to date. No deaths or serious injuries have been reported following the use of any TENS. The most common area of concern in using electrical devices is skin reactions at the electrode sites. To minimize this problem, clean the skin prior to use. Cleaning the skin will also assure better electrode contact. If skin irritation occurs, consult your physician.


Federal Law (USA only) restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a licensed health care practitioner. 


  • Alpha-Stim 100
  • Height 5.31 inches
  • Width 2.56 inches
  • Depth 1.25 inches including belt clip
  • Weight 6.00 ounces
  • Weight with battery 13.50 ounces
  • Carrying Case
  • Height 8.19 inches
  • Width 10.63 inches
  • Depth 1.81 inches
  • Shipping Weight With Unit 3.00 pounds
  • Power Source One 9 volt alkaline battery (included)
  • Timer Settings Probe: 10 seconds on alternating with 2 seconds off; 10, 20, 60 minutes; and continuous for 100 hours.
  • Current (intensity) 10 to 600 microamperes continuously adjustable
  • Frequency 0.5, 1.5, and 100 Hz (pulses per second)

The Alpha-Stim 100 is packaged complete with one set of self-adhesive electrodes (good for up to one month of use), electrode wires, one probe, a 9 volt alkaline battery and Owner's Manual. Additional optional accessories are available in most areas. 


           PROBLEM                      POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS        


There is no sensation of       This is normal for many people.       
current.                       Turn up the INTENSITY.                

There is no results.           Try 5 to 10 treatments sessions.      
                               Vary the electrode locations.         
                               Try 1.5 Hz if 0.5 Hz is ineffective.  
                               Treat more often or for longer        
                               Consult your doctor.                  

There is no output.            Change the battery if BATT FLAT.      
                               Turn up the INTENSITY.                
                               Check lead wires and electrodes:      
                               make sure all connections are firmly  
                               in place.                             

Electrodes do not stick well.  Replace electrodes.                   


To obtain service, first call your authorized Alpha-Stim distributor. If necessary, send the entire unit with the carrying case and accessories, insured, postage prepaid, and well packaged, along with a copy of your original invoice and a note describing the problem to Electromedical Products International, Inc. Please do not forget to include your return address and phone number.

When you desire the finest and newest technologies in holistic dentistry, call:

(212) 973-9425

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